By default each course site in Moodle has an Announcements Forum. Additional forums can be added to a course site to promote engagement and interactivity.

Types of forums

The Announcements Forum is a special forum that is automatically created for each course and for the front page of the site and is a place for general announcements. This is a forced subscription forum that will send an email to all enrolled members of the course for every message posted. A benefit of this is the ability for students adding the course late to review previous messages posted in the forum.

When you add a new forum, you must choose one of five different types (though the most commonly used types are Standard forum for general use and Q and A forum):

  • A single simple discussion – A single topic discussion developed on one page, which is useful for short, focused discussions.  The teacher posts a question and students are only able to reply.
  • Each person posts one discussion – Each person can post exactly one new discussion topic (everyone can reply to them though); this is useful when you want each student to start a discussion about, say, their reflections on the week’s topic, and everyone else responds to these.
  • Q and A Forum – This is best used for posting a particular question that you wish to have answered.  The teacher posts a question and students respond with possible answers, but are unable to see other students’ postings until they do. Note: the teacher must make a post before students are able to post anything.
  • Standard forum displayed in a blog-like format – This works like a standard forum for general use, but the first post of each discussion is displayed so that users can choose to respond with the “Discuss this topic” button.
  • Standard forum for general use – An open forum where anyone can start a new topic at any time; this is the best general-purpose forum.

To add a forum:

  1. Click the gear menu, and then click Turn editing on.
  2. Choose the Topics Block where you want to add the assignment and click Add an activity or resource.
  3. Select Forum activity. To add it to your course you can either double click it or click the [Add] button at the bottom.
  4. Provide a Forum name a Description, and set the Forum type. There are other options such as allowing students to post for anonymously, as well as set Ratings.
  5. Click the [Save and return to course] button.

Pinning Discussion Topics

To “pin” a discussion topic to the top of your forum:

You can select “Pinned” when creating a new discussion thread by clicking Advanced and checking the [Pinned] checkbox.


Click "Pinned" to pin a topic to the top of a forum.

Or you can select an existing discussion topic and select the Pin this discussion under the […] on the Forum activity page

Pin a discussion in a forum with the "..." button

or by opening up the discussion topic and selecting Pin this discussion under the Settings menu.

Pin a discussion in a forum using the Settings menu in the discussion topic.

Faculty and students are also able to Star discussions in the same locations or by clicking the star to the left of the discussion name. This acts as a personal version of “Pinned discussions” placing them at the top of the person’s list of discussion topics for that forum.


When a participant is subscribed to a forum it means they will receive email copies of forum posts. Under “Subscription Mode” there are 4 subscription mode options you can choose from:

  • Optional subscription – Participants can choose whether to be subscribed.
  • Forced subscription – Everyone is subscribed and cannot unsubscribe.
  • Auto subscription – Everyone is subscribed initially but can choose to unsubscribe at any time.
  • Subscription disabled – Subscriptions are not allowed.

Grading forum posts

Forums may also be used as graded assignments.

  1. Click the forum link name.
  2. Click the gear menu, and then click Edit settings.
  3. Scroll to and click the Ratings section to expand the choices.
  4. Choose an Aggregate Type, with Sum of ratings as the simplest option, and choose a Grade Scale.
    1. Optionally, once you have saved the settings in the previous steps, you can assign the graded forum to an existing graded category by expanding the Grade section, and select the appropriate grade category should you have any.
  5. Once a student writes a post to the forum, a drop-down menu will appear on the post making it easy to assign a grade when you read it.

Forum Features

Reply Privately

When replying to discussion posts, there is the option to reply privately to the post’s author.

Set post reply to private.

Lock Discussion

Faculty are able to lock discussions to prevent further posts and replies. This can be done under the “…” button on the main Forum page or under the Settings menu with in the discussion post itself.

Post Sort-order

When viewing the list of discussion topics in a forum, one can sort the list in the following ways:

  • Newest discussions at the top of the list
  • Oldest discussions at the top of the list
  • Sort by most replies
  • Regardless of sort-order, pinned discussions will be at the top of the list
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