Using the principles of Universal Design and best practices allows for the creation of content that is simple and intuitive for all users, flexible to accommodate assistive technology and provides accessible information.
The following best practices can be applied to many different kinds of content and helps to create simple, structured documents that are easy to follow for all users.
Headings allow for navigation of documents, the creation of a Table of Contents and allow users to jump to individual headings (sections). They also provide a structure to the document that improves the accessibility for all users while creating a more visual style to the document.
Heading order is vital and should be sequential and relational meaning that it operates in a hierarchical manner. Headings allow content to be relatable within sections and sub-sections making it discernible to those using screen readers.
To provide structure and readability by screen readers, use bulleted or numbered lists from the editing toolbar. This way these lists will be automatically ordered rather than through a manual means. Screen readers will recognize the list and present it that way to the user. This also creates a document that is more clearly structured for all users.
To provide structure and readability by screen readers, use columns from the editing toolbar and not by using tabs or spaces. Be sure to allow for adequate spacing between columns to allow for easier viewing for those with vision problems.
When creating links, hyperlink action-oriented text to provide a meaningful description of where the link is directing the user.
Tables should be used to convey tabular data and should never be used for page layout. The following are good practices when creating tables so they are easy to read by all users, including those with screen readers: